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Most Popular Fabrics Used in Making Hats

The Most Popular Fabrics For Making Hats

If you are a passionate hat collector, you know there are numerous fabrics for hats. A lot of people overlook the materials that their hats are made of, however. You ought to know the fabric your hat is made of because you want to give it the best care. After all, you cannot wash and maintain your nylon hat the same as your polyester hat.

If you have a collection of hats and have no idea what fabric they are made of, this article is what you need. It brings you the most popular fabric used in making hats.

Most Popular Fabrics Used in Making Hats

Popular Hat Fabrics

1. Polyester

Polyester is a synthetic fiber. It is one of the most popular materials used in making hats. Actually, it is the staple fabric in modern hat making. It is made from recycled plastic. Polyester is a darling to hat makers and most hat lovers because it is durable and resistant to water and abrasions. We cannot think of any other fiber that is durable and cheaper than polyester.

The moisture-wicking property of polyester is also excellent. It excellently absorbs sweat from the skin, leaving it dry and comfortable. You would, therefore, enjoy wearing polyester hats all day long during summer.

Polyester is popular in exercise hats, dad hats (baseball caps), and summer hats, thanks to its moisture-wicking properties. 

2. Nylon

Nylon results in thin and lightweight caps suitable for hot summer days. The highly breathable material is made from recycled plastic. It makes the scorching summer days a lot cooler.

One thing you will love about nylon is that it does not shrink. We are often in constant worries of our hats losing their original shape, but nylon hats will eliminate the concern. Nylon hats are also easy to take care of. 

The only problem is nylon is not great at wicking away moisture, but it tries its best.

3. Cotton

Cotton is one of the natural fibers used in making hats. However, a lot of hats are not 100% cotton. Pure cotton is a bit expensive compared to synthetic fibers. For this reason, they are popular in putting embroideries and logos on caps.

The soft and breathable material makes cotton a darling to hat lovers. Besides, cotton is hypoallergenic. With cotton hats, you will never experience skin irritation.

Cotton is also excellent when it comes to controlling moisture and insulation. Their ability to absorb moisture makes it suitable for making the headbands of caps. Unfortunately, cotton is not as durable as synthetic fibers, such as polyester. This is why it is often blended with manufactured fibers to boost its durability.

Most Popular Fabrics Used in Making Hats

4. Wool

A lot of people associate wool with knitted hats such as beanies. They are, however, used for a wide range of other caps. A lot of classic hats are either part wool or are 100% woolen. They are also a standard component of a considerable number of baseball hats. You will also find wool a popular fabric in making berets. 

Wool, however, remains the most suitable fabric for winter hats. They have a higher capability of keeping you warm whenever you step out in those cold winter days. 

Did you know that cashmere is wool obtained from goats? Yes, and it is popular in making fedoras. 

On the downside, a surprising fact is that wool is known to make hair brittle. It absorbs moisture from the hair, leaving the hair dry, lifeless, and fragile. If you love healthy hair, you may want to line your hair with a satin cap before putting on a woolen hat. 

5. Buckram

Have you ever wondered which material is used to make the sturdy brims of hats? Well, buckram is the answer. The stiff material is used to strengthen the visors of baseball hats. They are sometimes used in strengthening the brims of classic hats. Buckram is often concealed with the outer layer of the hat. Initially, buckram was made of lined and sometimes horsehair. Today, cotton is used to make buckram.

Other than buckram, wood is also used to strengthen hat brims. Its use is, however, declining. 

6. Linen

Linen is a natural fiber that is extracted from the flax plant. If you are looking for another natural fiber other than cotton, linen should be suitable for you.

Just like cotton, Linen is very breathable and soft. They are incredibly comfortable and tender on your skin. You are sure to remain relaxed and comfortable during those fiercely hot summer days. Linen hats are also fantastic for spring. 

7. Straw

Straw hats are fashionable in protecting your head from the fierce sun rays during summer. They have also taken the world of fashion by storm. Straw is made of material from different plants and sometimes synthetic fibers.

Some of the plants used in making straw hats include bamboo, wheatgrass, papyrus reeds, and sisal. 

Most Popular Fabrics Used in Making Hats

8. Plastic

Plastic has become a popular component of hats in the past few years. The plastic and retro visors for women have taken over the world of headwear. They are suitable for protecting you from the scorching sun.

A lot of women love retro visors because they come in very many colorful and catchy shades. You are sure to protect your skin during summer while still manage to stand out with the bold colors. Besides, plastic hats are easier to clean than all the other fabrics.



The world of headwear is liberal. Hats are made of a wide range of materials, depending on their purpose. Hat makers will often experiment and introduce new elements like wood. The materials discussed above are some of the popular fibers used in hat making.

Knowing the material used to make hats is vital for any hat lovers. This way, you will know the pros and cons of all the conventional materials. You will, therefore, have an easier time shopping for hats. Looking at the design and the color of the cap is not enough. You ought to know the materials used in the hat manufacture. You cannot take care of a hat effectively if you do not know its components. Always consider the material used to make hats while shopping for them. 

clean a felt hat

How To Clean a Felt Hat With Ease

Felt hats have been around for a long time. Can you name at least one accessory from your wardrobe that doesn’t have a felt option for it? Probably not. From shoes to sweaters, shirts and so on feeling is everywhere. The same goes for hats. Felt hats are a go-to for most people since the look they have is very stylish and as with other felt made stuff, their appearance is out of this world. But, since you have something so good right below your fingertips, there has to be a catch to it, right? Why wouldn’t everything be made from felt and why isn’t everyone wearing felt hats? Well, it’s true. There is a catch. And it’s the maintenance of that same felt. It goes without saying that felt is extremely hard to maintain. 

In this article, we’ll talk more about specifically felt hats and how to maintain/clean them with ease. This will be the core of our talk but before that, we need to see why it felt so hard to deal with and find out more about this amazing material.

What Is Felt?

Ah, the felt. Can you point out what it is made of? Probably not, at a first glance. But, if you know that felt related stuff is often quite expensive, then we can come to a conclusion. Felt is in most cases made from wool, which generally produces materials that have top-notch quality. In most cases, it feels all-natural and if you look at old school felt hats, they will be handmade. However, nowadays, they add some synthetic to it. We’ll see later on why felt it is hard to maintain and adding some synthetic fibers to the mix can prolong felts lifetime and make it a bit more durable. 

Felted fabric is created in kind of a unique way. The fabric is created with the help of pressure. Fibers are being compressed, matted and with the help of pressure (a lot of it), moisture and heat, what we get is intertwined fabric which is made from interlocked fibers. Creating felt is often time-consuming and requires a large amount of work. But hey, the end product is really worth it. 

Why Is It Hard To Maintain?

Felt is hard to maintain. Actually, in the textile business, it’s one of the hardest materials to get a grip off and often opposes a nightmare to its users. Think of it similar to leather in some way. If you don’t protect the leather, it can bend and get cracks. In no time, what you have is a nasty looking piece of clothing that may be new but doesn’t look like it since you didn’t maintain it well. The same goes for feeling. Dirt, water, dust and in some cases even the sun aren’t exactly best friends of this material. Dirt can get into the pores of fibers, the sun can bleach out the color, water can soften the material and make it look dirty and dirt, well, it’s self-explanatory. Nothing that has some dirt on it won’t look good.

So, in order to keep your felt hat looking neat and spectacular, you need to clean it and maintain it in a specific way. Below, we will show you how to do that in order that it becomes a favorite material for you.

Clean It Lightly

There are several ways of cleaning felt, all of which are a bit different from each other. The first one is made for hats that aren’t so dirty and need just a few touches before they shine to the fullest. Firstly, brush your hat with a hat brush. If you don’t have one, you can buy it in a local wardrobe shop such as H&M or Zara. Use gentle movement that always goes in the same direction which follows the direction of fibers. This will clean the hat from some small dirt and dust it may have.

What you can also do is to use a small lint roller to collect hair, irregular fibers or dust. This sticky useful tool will collect all this stuff and all you need to do is roll it gently over the surface of your hat. 

Lastly, if you don’t have the lint roller or a special hat brush, you can use a regular cloth. Just wipe the surface of your hat (gently, again) and if the dirt on your hat is dry, the cloth will take it off with ease.

Removing Stains

Stains can be nerve-wracking. They are very hard to take off on regular materials but imagine how hard it can be when we’re talking about feeling. But, don’t lose hope. If you notice some stains on your felt hat, there are some things you can do in order to still save it from the stain amiss. 

The first thing you should try is to use an eraser. There are special stain erasers in the shops which you can buy, but if you can’t find one nearby, you can just use a regular eraser. Think about the one kids use at school for pencils. Gently rub the part of your hat which has stains and if it’s not so deep, you’ll maybe have a chance.

Although it’s advised not to use any type of liquid on your felt hat, there is a stain removal liquid you can use as a last resort if the stain you battle is stubborn. You can buy it in a local store since the same thing is used for basically every single material. But, when it comes to feeling, as with everything else, you need to be gentle. Spray a bit of it on the top of the sponge or some cloth (you can use a toothbrush as well, but be aware that it isn’t very harsh). When you sprayed it, use gentle motions and dab the place of the fabric where the stain is. Repeat the process a few times until the stain doesn’t disappear. 

Disclaimer. In most cases, stains can’t be reversed. That’s the hard truth. But, if you act fast the stand isn’t so big, maybe you can save your hat from going to the bin. Also, do you see how much we repeat ourselves? Yeah, a lot. Be gentle. Felt is extremely sensitive and you need to have soft touch if you don’t want to damage it even more.

Freshening Your Hat

If your hat doesn’t have any visible stains or isn’t dirty, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t maintain it and do some cleaning once in a while. While this is directly related to the first method of cleaning – the soft, light cleaning, there is one more thing you can do to freshen up your favorite hat. And, as crazy it might sound, you can use the vacuum cleaner. The vacuum cleaner isn’t that hard so it won’t damage the fibers of your hat but it is powerful enough to clean it from some dust or dry dirt. One thing to keep in mind is that you shouldn’t lean the vacuum directly to the surface of your hat. When you are using it, you need to have a bit of distance, think of at least 5 cm. The pulling motion of the vacuum can damage the surface of your hat and that’s something we want to avoid.

What you can also do is sprinkle a bit of absorbent powder on your hat. But, pick a powder that has a similar color as your hat just to make sure you don’t color it and destroy it. Let the powder stay on your hat for a couple of hours or overnight. Turn your hat upside down, on its crown. If you place it on the brim, and it stays like that for too long, it can lose its shape. After soaking up, repeat the process of cleaning it with a vacuum cleaner. The powder will collect all the dust and dirt that may be hiding in the fibers and vacuuming it will take it out in no time.

Maintaining Your Hat

There are some tips for maintaining your felt hat that you should consider on a regular basis. We mentioned that felt is similar to leather to some extent. And, we mentioned that there are special sprays that are designed to protect the leather. The same goes for felt. If you go to a local shoe store, you find special felt protective sprays that you can use every couple of weeks to apply onto your hat. It’s a great way to protect it in advance against rain or dirt.

We have another tip for you. If you don’t have to, don’t touch your hat all the time. Of course, touch it when you place it on your head or take it off. But, everything in between – don’t. The sweat from your fingertips can over time damage the felt and in some cases, the damage can’t be reversed. So, this is up to you. If you love your hat, be aware of how much you can damage it, even if you aren’t aware of it.

And there you have it. All you needed to know about felt hats and even more. Now, if you own a felt hat it won’t be such a nightmare to clean it. And if you don’t own it, hopefully, we reduced a fear you have about maintaining felt. In both cases, we hope that now you know that felt isn’t so bad as it seems and that felt hats can make a great summer or fall accessory. 

And, if you want to clean your hat, first look at it. See at what condition it is and what kind of treatment it needs. Don’t use harsh treatments such as cleaning spray if you don’t have to. In most cases, a gentle rub and a school eraser will do the trick and you won’t be needing fancy felt specialized cleaning tools. Also, you don’t need an expert for cleaning your felt. Every single method we mentioned can be done by yourself so it isn’t really time consuming and expensive. And, as a plus, you’ll bond with your hat a bit more. Win-win.